Orthodontics and Invisalign
Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that focuses on preventing and correcting dental problems, such as teeth positioning, crowding, or spacing (gaps between the teeth), misaligned dental arches or “bad bites” (malocclusion). In addition, orthodontics dentistry seeks to restore the balance between the shape and function of the mouth and improve facial appearance.
In addition, orthodontics corrects alterations in the jaws and the teeth, especially those relating to functional chewing disorders.
Types of Orthodontics
There are different types of orthodontics depending on the technique and material used. The choice is usually determined by aesthetics and price, but it also depends on the needs of each patient.
There are two types of orthodontic treatment: invisible orthodontics and brackets.
These are transparent braces that are customized to fit over each of your teeth. As their name suggests, these braces are invisible to the naked eye and facilitate the movement of the teeth, making them very comfortable to wear. In addition, transparent braces can be removed to brush your teeth, making it easier to maintain good oral hygiene.
They are a set of pieces joined by an arch that is attached to the front of the teeth. There are different types of brackets depending on the materials used.
Benefits of orthodontics
The benefits of orthodontics extend beyond aesthetics. This treatment also benefits the functionality of the patient’s mouth and his or her overall health, such as:
• Better digestion, thanks to improved bite and chewing.
• Prevention of headaches and earaches, often associated with the position of our mouth and temporomandibular joint.
• Prevention of contractures in the neck and back when aligning the teeth.
• Prevention of tooth wear due to a better fit.
• Prevention of oral problems such as periodontitis.
• Improved oral hygiene, by correcting spaces or crowding of the teeth, making brushing more efficient and reducing the risk of problems such as caries or infections.
• Improved development of a child’s mouth, preventing harmful habits that can deform the teeth.
• Improved aesthetic appearance of the smile,, contributing to greater self- esteem and confidence in social relationships.
STAGES OF ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT
Orthodontic treatment consists of 5 phases that begin with an assessment of the patient’s teeth and end with the placement of retainers once the orthodontic appliances have been removed. The five stages are as follows:
1. ORTHODONTIC STUDY
Planning a customized treatment using X-rays, photographs, and cephalometrics to recommend the most adequate orthodontic treatment for each patient.
2. ORTHODONTIC PLACEMENT
Fitting the device or devices and instructing the patient on daily oral hygiene habits and practices for correct maintenance.
3. REGULAR CHECK-UPS
Regular visits to assess the treatment progress and make adjustments for greater effectiveness. The frequency of check-ups depends on the treatment duration, which can last between 6 months and 3 years.
4. REMOVAL OF THE ORTHODONTIC DEVICES
After achieving the treatment objectives, the devices are removed, and the teeth are cleaned.
5. PLACEMENT OF RETAINERS
The ligaments of the teeth must assimilate the change after orthodontic treatment, so retainers are placed for the first 3 months
and partially afterwards.
Some patients may wish to have their teeth whitened after the treatment.
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